Therefore, if a bilateral agreement has not been concluded between the Republic of Serbia and the other country, or if the other country is not signatory to the Hague Convention Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents and if there is no reciprocity, the legalization of documents is carried out in accordance with the Law on Legalization of Documents in International Traffic.
According to this law, it is necessary to make a distinction between the legalization of documents issued by the republic and provincial authorities and organizations and other documents, since the procedure for legalizing the documents of the republic and provincial authorities and organizations is simpler.
The legalization process:
- The first step is to go to the competent Basic Court, where the President of the Basic Court or a judge appointed by the President of the Court authenticates the documents by his signature and court stamp issued by the authorities from the area of that Basic Court.
- It is then necessary to execute the legalization of signature of the President of the Court and the court stamp, which is carried out by the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Serbia.
- After that, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Serbia shall, by the signature of the authorized person and seal of the ministry, confirm the signature and seal of the Ministry of Justice.
- At the end, such certified documents are filled out by the diplomatic-consular representation of the country in which the document is to be used, accredited in the Republic of Serbia.
Public documents issued by the republic and provincial authorities and organizations are directly authenticated by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Serbia without prior verification of the court and the Ministry of Justice.
You have to admit, a really complicated procedure that requires a lot of time and money.
For that reason, in order to simplify the complicated and lengthy procedure of legalization of documents regulated by internal regulations, the countries conclude bilateral and multilateral international agreements regulating the issues of the legalization of documents.