The Government has adopted the Regulation on the Organization of Work During the State of Emergency in which the employer is obliged to enable employees to perform work outside of the employer’s premises (work from home). If this option is not provided by the General Act or the Agreement, the employer can enable this to the employee solely through his Decision, without annexing the Agreement. If, however, work from home is not possible the employer is obliged to implement all safety measures and organize work in such way that it prevents the further outbreak of the virus (organization of shift work, organization of meetings via electronic channels, and postponing business trips in Serbia and abroad). If the employer fails to implement safety measures, the state authorities can order the closure of the business.
In terms of salary, the employer is not allowed to reduce the salary solely based on the fact that the work is not being performed on the employer’s premises.
Employees cannot refuse to come to work, take special leave of absence or refuse to go on a business trip due to fear of infection. However, if entry to a country that is the destination of a business trip is banned, or represents a viral hotspot, an employee can decline to go on such a trip.
Employees must notify their employer if they are unfit to work for any cause, as well as in the event of COVID-19. In case they go on sick leave or in quarantine, they are entitled to a compensation of salary for the time of absence from work due to temporary impairment lasting up to 30 days in the amount of 65% of the average salary they earned in the 12 months preceding the month in which they became temporarily unfit to work due to illness sustained outside of work, or 100% of salary if impairment was caused by a professional illness (e.g. medical staff).