Intellectual property (IP) refers to creations of the mind. We are surrounded by and constantly interact with someone’s intellectual property. For example, while reading this blog post, you will come across photographs protected by copyright, you are sitting in front of your computer which bears a brand name protected by a trademark (for example, Lenovo), or you are probably sitting on a chair possibly protected by design rights and you might be holding a pen whose mechanism has been patented at some point.
There is a general consensus as to what makes the core of IP content, such as literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works, recordings, films and broadcasting, inventions, registered and unregistered designs, signs, names and images capable of distinguishing the goods or services.  Therefore, anything you have created, from an idea of how to develop your business to the logo or computer code, may represent your intellectual property.
For instance, if you are an IT company, a piece of software you developed is protected by your copyright.
Intellectual Property is protected by the IP rights such as:
- geographical indications, and
- trade secrets. 
Intellectual property rights give their creator the right to exploit this property and prevent others from making unauthorized use of its IP without the creator’s approval, for a limited period of time. However, although there is a general consensus on what is the subject of IP rights – a book, a song or a movie, the scope and limits of Intellectual Property Law are not completely clear.  In this brief overview, we will focus only on the most common types of IP rights in our daily practice: trademarks, copyright, patents and trade secrets. On the other hand, the industrial design as another right within this category, along with the possibilities when it comes to its protection, has been covered by a separate text available on our blog.