The opponent may file a notice of opposition within 3 months of the publication of the trademark application. That can be done on the grounds of relative and special reasons. It is of great importance to note that the Law also enables the applicant to file a response to the opposition notice (within 60 days of receiving the opposition).
Publication of the application in the official gazette is also introduced. As aforementioned, the opposition notice can be filed 3 months from the date of publication of the application. The publication aims to increase transparency in the trademark registration process and to enable opponents to stop the registration of a trademark that would infringe on their rights.