In addition to the absolute and relative reasons for rejecting the application, the Law has introduced the so-called special reasons. The company registered before the date of applying for trademark registration, or before the date of priority of that application, can file an opposition notice. This notice may prevent the registration of a trademark if the name of the company or a substantial part of it is identical or similar to the sign in the application, and the goods or services which are the subject of the company’s activity are identical or similar to those in the application and are used in traffic unless the applicant for the trademark had a company of the same or similar name at the time of filing it.
Also, the opposition notice of the trademark holder prevents the sales agent or the applicant’s representative from filing an application in his name without the permission of the trademark holder and having his registration approved, unless they justify their actions. This provision aims to achieve a protective function and to prevent abuses that have occurred in practice.